Resistencia a desinfectantes y su relación con la resistencia a los antibióticos


  • Luz Chacón-Jiménez Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud
  • Keilor Rojas-Jiménez Universidad de Costa Rica


Palabras clave:

bacterias, desinfectantes, resistencia, antibióticos


Objetivo: sistematizar los principales mecanismos de acción de los desinfectantes y describir mecanismos de resistencia comunes entre biocidas y antibióticos.

Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de artículos científicos entre 2000 y julio de 2019, sobre la relación entre la resistencia a biocidas y a los antibióticos, utilizando como palabras clave “antibiotic”, “biocide”, “resistance” y “bacteria”, en las bases de datos PubMed y Google Scholar.

Conclusiones: existe numerosa evidencia científica que indica la relación entre bacterias resistentes a los desinfectantes y la adquisición de resistencia a los antibióticos, lo que implica un replanteamiento del uso de esas sustancias en diferentes contextos clínicos, con el fin de minimizar el impacto que puedan tener en la selección de microorganismos multirresistentes a los antibióticos.

Descriptores: bacterias, desinfectantes, resistencia, antibióticos.


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2020-02-24 — Actualizado el 2020-09-09


Cómo citar

Chacón-Jiménez, L., & Rojas-Jiménez, K. (2020). Resistencia a desinfectantes y su relación con la resistencia a los antibióticos. Acta Médica Costarricense, 62(1), 7–12. (Original work published 24 de febrero de 2020)

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