Chikungunya: un virus que nos acecha

Autores/as

  • Eugenia Corrales Aguilar Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Adriana Troyo Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Ólger Calderón Arguedas Universidad de Costa Rica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51481/amc.v57i1.863

Palabras clave:

chikungunya, virus, patogénesis, Aedes, Costa Rica

Resumen

El virus chikungunya representa una amenaza para Costa Rica. Este arbovirus ha sido introducido al continente americano desde finales de 2013. Debido a sus características epidemiológicas y virológicas, y a la presencia de sus vectores en el país, este virus puede llegar a convertirse en la nueva enfermedad endémica de Costa Rica. Aunque el chikungunya tiene una baja tasa de mortalidad, su alta tasa de ataque podría colapsar el sistema de salud nacional durante una epidemia. En esta revisión se resume aspectos clínicos, virológicos, epidemiológicos y entomológicos relacionados con esta virosis, para identificar, diagnosticar y diferenciar posibles casos de fiebre por chikungunya en el país. Además, se enfatiza en el control epidemiológico y de vectores, para prevenir epidemias de esta enfermedad en Costa Rica.

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2015-01-30 — Actualizado el 2015-01-30

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Cómo citar

Aguilar, E. C., Troyo, A., & Arguedas, Ólger C. (2015). Chikungunya: un virus que nos acecha. Acta Médica Costarricense, 57(1), 7–15. https://doi.org/10.51481/amc.v57i1.863