Manejo paliativo de la disnea en el paciente terminal


  • Gabriel Carvajal Valdy Centro Nacional del Control del Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos
  • Marco Ferrandino Carballo Centro Nacional del Control del Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos
  • Isaías Salas-Herrera Centro Nacional del Control del Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos


Palabras clave:

disnea, cuidados paliativos, opiodes


El manejo adecuado de síntomas en pacientes terminales permite a los pacientes y a sus seres queridos el espacio para resolver asuntos emocionales, psicológicos y espirituales. La disnea es un problema frecuente para los pacientes con condiciones terminales, y con estrategias clínicas efectivas puede aliviarse el síntoma, en la mayoría de los casos. El manejo sintomático puede llevarse a cabo concomitantemente con la corrección de la causa de fondo cuando esté justifi cada, y aunque los opioides son la terapia farmacológica de primera línea, el oxígeno suplementario y las benzodiacepinas pueden ser coadyuvantes cuando se encuentren indicados. En los casos refractarios a tratamiento, la sedación puede ser apropiada. Se realiza una revisión sobre el manejo óptimo de la disnea en pacientes con condiciones terminales, con base en la evidencia reciente más relevante.


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Cómo citar

Carvajal Valdy, G., Ferrandino Carballo, M., & Salas-Herrera, I. (2011). Manejo paliativo de la disnea en el paciente terminal. Acta Médica Costarricense, 53(2), 79–87.