La cicatrización queloide


  • Gustavo Cintron Machón Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social, Clínica "Dr. Carlos Durán Cartín"
  • Juan Poveda Xatruch Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, Hospital Dr. Rafael A. Calderón Guardia


Palabras clave:

cicatriz, queloide, colágena


La cicatriz es el estado final y definitivo de la reparación que el organismo efectúa en una herida accidental, quirúrgica o producida por alguna afección. La cicatrización queloide es un desorden en la estructura normal de la colágena, que conduce a un crecimiento anormal y desproporcionado de las fases normales de la cicatrización, siendo esta un efecto indeseable para todo cirujano. Fue descrita por primera vez en 1.700 a. de J.C. en el papiro de Edwin Smith; sin embargo, no fue hasta en 1802 cuando Alibert usó el término queloide (cheloid=tenaza de cangrejo), por la forma de la lesión. En este artículo se realiza una actualización de esta enfermedad cicatrizal dermoepidérmica, neoplásica.


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Cómo citar

Cintron Machón, G., & Poveda Xatruch, J. (2008). La cicatrización queloide. Acta Médica Costarricense, 50(2), 87–93.