La relación entre el asma y la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica


  • Marcia Solano Ortiz Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, Hospital Nacional de Niños "Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera"
  • Lydiana Avila de Benedictis Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, Hospital Nacional de Niños "Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera"
  • Manuel Soto Quirós Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, Hospital Nacional de Niños "Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera"


Palabras clave:

Asma, EPOC, bronquitis crónica, enfisema pulmonar, Teoría Holandesa , obstrucción de la vía aérea, remodelamiento de la vía aérea


Asma y enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) son enfermedades pulmonares comunes con semejanzas y diferencias. Estudios genéticos recientes han dado información importante acerca de los múltiples loci susceptibles para cada enfermedad. Estudios del genoma han mostrado resultados similares en al menos una región cromosomal en ambas enfermedades, así como también evidencia de la interacción con factores ambientales (por ejemplo, el fumado activo en los pacientes con EPOC, o el pasivo en aquellos con asma). Existen pocos estudios recientes acerca del remodelamiento de la vía aérea y su importancia en pacientes asmáticos persistentes crónicos, lo que podría explicar de cierta forma la progresión de estas personas a enfermedades pulmonares obstructivas crónicas.


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Cómo citar

Solano Ortiz, M., Avila de Benedictis, L., & Soto Quirós, M. (2007). La relación entre el asma y la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Acta Médica Costarricense, 49(1), 21–25.

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